monaco eye birds

Smooth Billed Ani

Smooth Billed Ani - Crotophaga ani
© monacoeye • All rights reserved • Ubatuba November 2009

Bird name: Smooth Billed Ani
Latin: Crotophaga ani
Other: Ani de pico liso (Es), Anu-preto (Br), Glattschnabelani (De)
Family: Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Anis
Range: Florida to Argentina
Similar: Greater Ani

No mistaking the Smooth-billed Ani with its prehistoric profile. Found in most of South and Central America excluding Chile and the southern tip. A gregarious bird in the cuckoo family, often found near humans and farms.

The Smooth-billed Ani has dark eyes, unlike the Greater Ani. It can also use communal nests with many females laying eggs in one large nest.

Below: monacoeye • All rights reserved • Gamboa, Panama, April 2010
Smooth Billed Ani - Crotophaga ani
Above: Ubatuba November 2009 More photos...

Greater Ani

Greater Ani - Crotophaga major
© monacoeye • All rights reserved • Gamboa, Panama, April 2010

Bird name: Greater Ani
Latin: Crotophaga major
Other: garrapatero (Es), Ani des palétuviers (Fr), anu-coroca (Br), Riesenani (De)
Family: Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Anis
Range: Panama to Argentina
Similar: Smooth-billed Ani

The Greater Ani lays eggs in a communal nest. It is quite a bit larger than the Smooth-billed Ani and has distinctive pale irises. We saw them several times on visits to Gamboa in the canal area of central Panama.

Also seen in Ecuador, Napo.More photos...

Cuculidae - Cuckoos

076 Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Anis, Coucals - IOC 2.5 - 2010

Guira guira - Guira Cuckoo - E, SE South America

Crotophaga major - Greater Ani - E Panama to N Argentina
Crotophaga ani - Smooth-billed Ani - S Florida to N Argentina
Crotophaga sulcirostris - Groove-billed Ani - Mexico to Guyana & NW Argentina

Tapera naevia - Striped Cuckoo - S Mexico to N Argentina

Dromococcyx phasianellus - Pheasant Cuckoo - S Mexico to N Argentina
Dromococcyx pavoninus - Pavonine Cuckoo - Guyana to N Argentina

Morococcyx erythropygus - Lesser Ground Cuckoo - W Mexico to NW Costa Rica

Geococcyx californianus - Greater Roadrunner - SW USA, Mexico
Geococcyx velox - Lesser Roadrunner - W Mexico to Nicaragua

Neomorphus geoffroyi - Rufous-vented Ground Cuckoo - Nicaragua to Colombia, S Brazil
Neomorphus squamiger - Scaled Ground Cuckoo - Brazil, S Amazon - Neomorphus squamiger probably ssp of N. geoffroyi
Neomorphus radiolosus - Banded Ground Cuckoo - SW Colombia, NW Ecuador
Neomorphus rufipennis - Rufous-winged Ground Cuckoo - NE South America
Neomorphus pucheranii - Red-billed Ground Cuckoo - W Amazonia

Centropus milo - Buff-headed Coucal - Solomon Islands
Centropus ateralbus - White-necked Coucal - Bismarck Archipelago - New name
Centropus menbeki - Ivory-billed Coucal - New Guinea
Centropus chalybeus - Biak Coucal - Biak Island
Centropus unirufus - Rufous Coucal - Philippines
Centropus chlororhynchos - Green-billed Coucal - Sri Lanka
Centropus melanops - Black-faced Coucal - Philippines
Centropus steerii - Black-hooded Coucal - Philippines
Centropus rectunguis - Short-toed Coucal - Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo
Centropus celebensis - Bay Coucal - Sulawesi
Centropus anselli - Gabon Coucal - WC Africa
Centropus leucogaster - Black-throated Coucal - W, C Africa - Neumann's Coucal Centropus neumanni conspecific
Centropus senegalensis - Senegal Coucal - Widespread Africa
Centropus monachus - Blue-headed Coucal - NE, C, W Africa
Centropus cupreicaudus - Coppery-tailed Coucal - SC Africa
Centropus superciliosus - White-browed Coucal - E, SC, Africa, also SW Arabian Peninsula - includes Burchell's Coucall Centropus burchelli, deemed conspecific
Centropus nigrorufus - Sunda Coucal - Java
Centropus sinensis - Greater Coucal - Widespread Asia
Centropus toulou - Malagasy Coucal - Madagascar region
Centropus goliath - Goliath Coucal - N Moluccas
Centropus grillii - Black Coucal - Widespread Africa
Centropus viridis - Philippine Coucal - Philippines
Centropus bengalensis - Lesser Coucal - Widespread Asia
Centropus violaceus - Violaceous Coucal - Bismarck Archipelago - New name
Centropus bernsteini - Black-billed Coucal - New Guinea
Centropus phasianinus - Pheasant Coucal - Lesser Sundas, New Guinea, Australia - Kai Coucal Centropus spilopterus conspecific with Pheasant Coucal C. phasianinus
Centropus andamanensis - Andaman Coucal - Andaman Islands

Carpococcyx radiceus - Bornean Ground Cuckoo - Borneo
Carpococcyx viridis - Sumatran Ground Cuckoo - Sumatra
Carpococcyx renauldi - Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo - Southeast Asia

Coua cristata - Crested Coua - Madagascar
Coua verreauxi - Verreaux's Coua - Madagascar
Coua caerulea - Blue Coua - Madagascar
Coua ruficeps - Red-capped Coua - Madagascar
Coua reynaudii - Red-fronted Coua - Madagascar
Coua coquereli - Coquerel's Coua - Madagascar
Coua cursor - Running Coua - Madagascar
Coua gigas - Giant Coua - Madagascar
Coua serriana - Red-breasted Coua - Madagascar

Rhinortha chlorophaea - Raffles's Malkoha - Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo

Ceuthmochares aereus - Blue Malkoha - W, C Africa - Was Green Malkoha
Ceuthmochares australis - Green Malkoha - E, SE Africa - Split from C. aereus as Green Malkoha

Taccocua leschenaultii - Sirkeer Malkoha - Pakistan, India

Zanclostomus javanicus - Red-billed Malkoha - Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas

Rhamphococcyx calyorhynchus - Yellow-billed Malkoha - Sulawesi

Phaenicophaeus curvirostris - Chestnut-breasted Malkoha - Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas
Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus - Red-faced Malkoha - Sri Lanka
Phaenicophaeus sumatranus - Chestnut-bellied Malkoha - Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo
Phaenicophaeus viridirostris - Blue-faced Malkoha - S India, Sri Lanka
Phaenicophaeus diardi - Black-bellied Malkoha - Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo
Phaenicophaeus tristis - Green-billed Malkoha - N India through Sumatra

Dasylophus superciliosus - Rough-crested Malkoha - Philippines
Dasylophus cumingi - Scale-feathered Malkoha - Philippines

Clamator coromandus - Chestnut-winged Cuckoo - Widespread Asia
Clamator glandarius - Great Spotted Cuckoo - S Europe through Africa
Clamator levaillantii - Levaillant's Cuckoo - Widespread Africa
Clamator jacobinus - Jacobin Cuckoo - Widespread Africa, Asia in Africa, India to Burma

Coccycua minuta - Little Cuckoo - E Panama to NE Brazil & N Bolivia
Coccycua pumila - Dwarf Cuckoo - N South America
Coccycua cinerea - Ash-colored Cuckoo - C, SE South America

Piaya cayana - Squirrel Cuckoo - Widespread Latin America
Piaya melanogaster - Black-bellied Cuckoo - N, Amazonia

Coccyzus melacoryphus - Dark-billed Cuckoo - Widespread South America
Coccyzus americanus - Yellow-billed Cuckoo - S Canada to N Mexico & West Indies - South America
Coccyzus euleri - Pearly-breasted Cuckoo - N, NE, E South America
Coccyzus minor - Mangrove Cuckoo - S Florida, Caribbean, Middle America to NE Brazil
Coccyzus ferrugineus - Cocos Cuckoo - Isla del Cocos
Coccyzus erythropthalmus - Black-billed Cuckoo - C, E North America - NW South America
Coccyzus lansbergi - Grey-capped Cuckoo - N South America - W South America
Coccyzus pluvialis - Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo - Jamaica
Coccyzus rufigularis - Bay-breasted Cuckoo - Hispaniola
Coccyzus vetula - Jamaican Lizard Cuckoo - Jamaica
Coccyzus merlini - Great Lizard Cuckoo - Bahamas, Cuba
Coccyzus vieilloti - Puerto Rican Lizard Cuckoo - Puerto Rico
Coccyzus longirostris - Hispaniolan Lizard Cuckoo - Hispaniola

Pachycoccyx audeberti - Thick-billed Cuckoo - W, WC, SE Africa, Africa, also Madagascar

Microdynamis parva - Dwarf Koel - New Guinea

Eudynamys scolopaceus - Asian Koel - Widespread Asia, also Lesser Sundas
Eudynamys melanorhynchus - Black-billed Koel - Sulawesi, Sula Islands. Australasia
Eudynamys orientalis - Pacific Koel - S Moluccas to N, E Australia. Australasia

Urodynamis taitensis - Long-tailed Cuckoo - New Zealand - S Pacific islands

Scythrops novaehollandiae - Channel-billed Cuckoo - Widespread Australasia

Chrysococcyx maculatus - Asian Emerald Cuckoo - Himalayas to SC China & Malay Peninsula
Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus - Violet Cuckoo - Southeast Asia to Philippines
Chrysococcyx caprius - Dideric Cuckoo - Widespread Africa, also SE Arabian Peninsula
Chrysococcyx klaas - Klaas's Cuckoo - Widespread Africa
Chrysococcyx flavigularis - Yellow-throated Cuckoo - C, W Africa
Chrysococcyx cupreus - African Emerald Cuckoo - C, W Africa
Chrysococcyx megarhynchus - Long-billed Cuckoo - New Guinea
Chrysococcyx basalis - Horsfield's Bronze Cuckoo - Australia - Papua New Guinea, Greater and Lesser Sundas, Moluccas.
Chrysococcyx osculans - Black-eared Cuckoo - Australia
Chrysococcyx ruficollis - Rufous-throated Bronze Cuckoo - New Guinea
Chrysococcyx lucidus - Shining Bronze Cuckoo - Widespread Australasia
Chrysococcyx meyerii - White-eared Bronze Cuckoo - New Guinea
Chrysococcyx minutillus - Little Bronze Cuckoo - Southeast Asia to E Australia - Little Bronze Cuckoo C. minutillus includes C. russatus, C. rufomerus and C. crassirostris - unclear

Cacomantis pallidus - Pallid Cuckoo - Australia
Cacomantis leucolophus - White-crowned Cuckoo - New Guinea
Cacomantis castaneiventris - Chestnut-breasted Cuckoo - New Guinea, NE Australia
Cacomantis flabelliformis - Fan-tailed Cuckoo - Widespread Australasia
Cacomantis sonneratii - Banded Bay Cuckoo - Widespread Asia
Cacomantis merulinus - Plaintive Cuckoo - Southeast Asia to Philippines
Cacomantis passerinus - Grey-bellied Cuckoo - India
Cacomantis variolosus - Brush Cuckoo - Widespread Australasia, including N Moluccas
Cacomantis sepulcralis - Rusty-breasted Cuckoo - Malay Peninsula to Philippines, Sulawesi and W, C Moluccas. Asia, Australasia
Cacomantis heinrichi - Moluccan Cuckoo - N Moluccas - Moluccan Cuckoo Cacomantis heinrichi Brush Cuckoo C. variolosus? C. sepulcralis aeruginosus ?, split from Rusty-breasted Cuckoo?

Cercococcyx mechowi - Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo - W, C Africa
Cercococcyx olivinus - Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo - W, C Africa
Cercococcyx montanus - Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo - E, SE Africa

Surniculus velutinus - Philippine Drongo-Cuckoo - Philippines - Split from S. lugubris following Dickinson and Payne
Surniculus lugubris - Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo - Indian subcontinent to Malaysia, Greater Sundas and Palawan - New name
Surniculus dicruroides - Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo - N India to SW, S China, N Thailand and Viet Nam. Asia - S to Malaya and Greater Sundas - Split from S. lugubris
Surniculus musschenbroeki - Moluccan Drongo-Cuckoo - Sulawesi and Halmahera - Split from S. lugubris

Hierococcyx vagans - Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo - Southeast Asia, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo
Hierococcyx sparverioides - Large Hawk-Cuckoo - Widespread Asia
Hierococcyx bocki - Dark Hawk-Cuckoo - Malay Pen, Sumatra, Borneo - Split from H. sparverioides
Hierococcyx varius - Common Hawk-Cuckoo - India to Burma
Hierococcyx hyperythrus - Rufous Hawk-Cuckoo - E Eurasia - Southeast Asia
Hierococcyx pectoralis - Philippine Hawk-Cuckoo - Philippines
Hierococcyx fugax - Malaysian Hawk-Cuckoo - Southeast Asia, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo
Hierococcyx nisicolor - Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo - Nepal to Borneo

Cuculus clamosus - Black Cuckoo - Widespread Africa
Cuculus solitarius - Red-chested Cuckoo - Widespread Africa
Cuculus poliocephalus - Lesser Cuckoo - E, SE Eurasia - India, E Africa
Cuculus crassirostris - Sulawesi Cuckoo - Sulawesi
Cuculus micropterus - Indian Cuckoo - Widespread Asia, also E Asia
Cuculus rochii - Madagascar Cuckoo - Madagascar - E Africa
Cuculus gularis - African Cuckoo - Widespread Africa
Cuculus saturatus - Himalayan Cuckoo - Himalayas to Taiwan - Indonesia, Philippines - Was Oriental Cuckoo
Cuculus optatus - Oriental Cuckoo - NE Asia - Indonesia to Australasia - Split from C. saturatus new name
Cuculus lepidus - Sunda Cuckoo - SE Asia, Greater Sundas, Wallacea - Split from C. saturatus
Cuculus canorus - Common Cuckoo - Widespread Eurasia - Asia, Africa